When the Federal Reserve increases interest rates, it signals to investors that they are confident in the health of the market. Since 2014, the economy has steadily improved causing the Federal Reserve to lift rates from .07% to 2.4% at the end of 2018.
As the rates have steadily increased over the last few years, lenders have slowly increased their involvement in acquisition activity. 2018 had the most significant year over year change of 13% increase in deals, as rates increased from 1.42% to 2.4%.
Lenders are often involved in deals with other participants such as intermediaries, equity investors, law firms, and even other lenders. Since 2014, we see the following involvement from other participants:
- 65% of deals had a sell-side intermediary
- 75% of deals had an equity investor
- 37% of deals had a sell-side law firm
- 83% of deals had a senior lender
- 24% of deals had a mezzanine lender
To learn more about mezzanine deals, check out the latest Q2 2019 SPS Mezzanine Market Report which shows mezzanine activity declining 16.2%.
A deal that stands out is the recent acquisition of Aetna by CVS Health Corp. in November 2018 for $77 billion. Senior financing was provided by Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Barclays, and Goldman Sachs in the amount of $49 billion, representing 64% of the total buyout.
As of August 2019, the Federal Reserve has lowered interest rates to 2.13% and we’re already seeing a decrease in the number of deals from Q1 to Q2 by 30%. What’s interesting about the relationship here is the adverse effect it has on the stock market, where a cut in interest rates typically causes the market to go up, we see acquisitions with lenders go down. As we head towards the end of the year, it will be interesting to monitor how much activity will change for lenders involved in financing acquisitions.
Last week’s deals today
August 11-17, 2019
~100 deals traded
Deal of the week
Branford Castle and Castle Harlan acquired MT Industries Inc. (dba Sunless Inc.), a Macedonia, OH based company that manufactures spray tanning booths, airbursh equipment, and retail products. The company was sold by The Riverside Company who had previously purchased it in 2011. No terms were provided.
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